Until recently, scientists believed that brain development came to a halt during adulthood. Today, we know that our brains are constantly changing throughout our lives and forming new pathways in response to our environment, actions, thinking, and emotions. Neuroplasticity is the simple, yet game-changing, discovery that our brains can and do change throughout our lives through the formation of new neural connections. Neuroplasticity allows the brain to compensate for injury and disease that occurs during life and to adjust to ever-present to changes in their environment.
Breakthroughs in understanding of brain plasticity have spurred new directions in neuroscience research, producing a wide range of practical applications including: